Combine Multiple Excel Files Into One Power Query

This post was contributed by Ken Puls and Miguel Escobar, Power BI experts and authors of the new ebook, '[M]agic Tricks for Data Wizards'.


STEP 1: Make sure that each worksheet´s data is in an Excel Table by clicking in the data and pressing CTRL+T. STEP 2: Click in each of the worksheets data that you want to consolidate and select: Power Query From Table. STEP 3: This will open up the Query Editor and all you have to do here is press Close & Load. Power Query provides an intuitive user interface for combining multiple queries within your Excel workbook by merging or appending them. The Merge and Append operations are performed on any Power Query with a tabular shape that is independent of the data source that the data comes from. Combine Multiple or All Sheets from an Excel File into a Power BI solution Using Power Query Dynamically. Combining multiple files from one folder is already supported built-in through the graphical interface of Power Query when use you Get Data from Folder. However, if you have one Excel file, with multiple sheets with the same structure but different data, you cannot use that option. Step 1 - Combine Files using Power Query. First of all, we need to combine all the files into one file with power query. Go to Data Tab - Get Transformation - New Query - From File - From Folder. Now, from the folder selection window, click on “Browse” and select the folder where you have all the files. In the ‘Combine Files’ dialog box that opens, select the Table in the left pane. Note that Power Query shows you the Table from the first file. This file would act as the template (or the key) to combine other files. Power Query would now look for ‘Table 1’ in other workbooks and combine it with this one.

Have you ever wanted to consolidate, combine or append data from multiple excel spreadsheets or workbooks? I bet you have, and it has been a painful process either done manually or via 3rd party add-ins. In this blog post, we’ll show you how, with the newest version of the Power BI Desktop and Power Query for Excel, you can combine multiple data from Excel files into one big tall table.

The Scenario

In this specific case, we have an Office 365 group that we’ve created where we store some external sales data that do not come from our system. These files are provided by a 3rd party in order to give us a better understanding of the whole market and how well some products are doing on each market. Here’s a few remarks about our case:

Excel power query merge data

Each of these files has only 1 month of datawe’ll have a file for January with just 1 sheet in it that will have all of the data for January.

These are all Excel files living a happy life in SharePoint – we get these files via email from the provider and then store them on our Office 365 group every month.

All of the files have the same structure, but different sheet names – all of the files only have 1 sheet and all of them have the same headers, but in a real case scenario the Power BI desktop and the process described here will work if you don’t have the same headers on all of the files.

Now, what we want to do is something that can be summarized in a series of steps like the following:

  1. Access all of the files from our site – we need to connect to our O365 group or SharePoint site and get the files first
  2. Combine all of the data from the files into one big table – once we connect to this data source, we need to be able to combine/consolidate/append all of the data from each of those excel files into one big table
  3. Clean and transform the data – ultimately, we want to unpivot some columns and also make the table more manageable to use with the Power BI Desktop and the DAX language.

In the end, we want the result of the combination to look similar to this:

Getting Data from SharePoint

First things first, we need to get the data and the Power BI Desktop makes it easier for us to get our data from either SharePoint or any O365 Group storage.

From the Get Data experience, let’s find the option for “SharePoint Folder”. This option will only require a text string which would be the URL for a SharePoint site.

Where can I find this so called url? Which one of the urls found in SharePoint should I use??

Good question! What the tool is expecting here is the root URL to the SharePoint site itself. Here’s a quick example:

My SharePoint site root url is, but all of my files are actually in another site that starts with URL.

In order to use the correct URL, we need to be in the folder of the data that we’re trying to get and check the url that our browser shows. If it has the if it starts with the format of https://<site address>/sites/<sitename>/ then we need to use that url, otherwise we use the much simpler https://<site address>

In my own case, I’ll be using the url in order to connect to my site.

Once you input the url, you’ll then be asked for your credentials – be sure to select the “Organizational” type for your credentials and enter the same credentials that you use for your SharePoint site.

Now that we’re in, we’ll be able to see all of the files from all of the folders that we have access to in that specific site. This might be a pretty long list, so let’s do some filtering on the “Folder Path” column and select the folder where your data is being stored so you only get the files from it.

Filtering is key so you always get the files from the folder that you want. You can select multiple folders if you’d like as well.

We now have all of the files that we want to combine but, how do we combine these files?? What kind of magic is needed to consolidate all of them? Surely it can’t be just 1 click to combine them, right? Let’s find out.

New functionality! Combine Excel files with just 1 click

You might remember this popular posts from Microsoft itself on how to combine text and CSV files. It used to throw weird results with Excel files, but that changed with the latest version of the Power BI Desktop and Power Query.

This is now what happens after you click that button:

1. A new window will appear called ‘Combine Binaries’ – it will first find the first Binary from the table, which in our case is 03-March.xlsx, and it’ll create a sample function that will be applied to all of the other binaries.

We recommend always selecting the ‘Sample Binary Parameter’

In this window, you’ll see all of the objects found in the 03-March.xlsx file. If you select for example the 03-March spreadsheet, the same process will be applied to the rest of the binaries so Power Query/Power BI Desktop will extract the data from the 03-March spreadsheet from each file.

This is not our case. Each of our files has a different sheet name, so we recommend for these of cases to select the “Sample Binary Parameter” and click OK on this window.

2. Power Query / Power BI Desktop will do all the heavy lifting for you – you’ll end up with a table like the one we see in the next image where you can see all of the objects from each file. In our case, we see from the “Kind” column that all of our objects are simply sheets from the workbook and on the Name column we see the name of the workbook where each object comes from

After just 1 click, you have all of the data ready to be combined on the “Data” column. The elements within the red and orange outline were automatically created by the tool.

3. Expand the data found in the Data column – you’re one step away from consolidating all of your data! Just click the button with the double opposite arrow found on the “Data” column

Be sure to always click on “Load more” so you can expand the columns from all of your tables

At this point, we can check that our data has been consolidated in one table

YES!!!! All of the data from all of the 6 Excel files has been appended and now we have a table with all of this data.

Some more cleaning and transformation steps

After everything has been consolidated, we jump ahead and perform some cleaning and transformations shown within the outlined orange area


Here’s a quick list of the final steps that we did:

  • Removed Columns – we removed some unnecessary columns like the “Kind”, “Hidden” and “Item” column
  • Promoted Headers – afterexpandingthe data, we noticed that the first row had the column headers so we immediately promoted the first row to become headers of the table
  • Renamed Columns – we simply renamed some of the columnslike the “Name” column, which had the name of the product, to be named “Product Name”
  • Filtered Rows1 – since all of our files had headers, some of them were found in some rows, so we filter those out
  • Unpivot Other Columns – we used theunpivot feature on all the columns except the name of the month and the name of the product so we could get the “Attribute” and “Value” columns
  • Renamed Columns1 – we renamed the “Attribute” column to be “Market” and the “Value” column to be “Sales”
  • Sorted Rows – we sorted the data (ascending) by the Month column
  • Changed Type – we defined the data types for each of the columns and hit Close & Apply

The Result

Last but not least, get creative and create a report based on your consolidated data!

Of course, you could integrate this new table to an existing data model to add even more context to your sales performance and understand how you’re doing in each market.

New eBook Coming Soon

We would like to take this opportunity to tell you about an upcoming ebook for tips & tricks when working with the Get Data experience in the Power BI Desktop, a.k.a. Power Query.

The cool thing about this ebook? It’ll be completely FREE!!


Sometimes we receive or capture our data in different workbooks and in that case creating a pivot table need some extra efforts for combining those multiple workbooks into one.

Only after that, we can create a pivot table.

So in this post, I’d like to show you a 3 steps process to create a pivot table by using data from multiple workbooks.

So let’s get started.

Steps to Create a Pivot Table using Data from Multiple Workbooks

Important: For this, we need to use power query.

Make sure you have power query in your Excel version. For Excel 2016, it’s there on the Data tab and for other versions (2010 and 2013) you need to install the add-on.

Here I have four different workbooks with sales data for different zones. You can download these files from here to follow along.

And make sure you have all these files in a single folder.

Step 1 - Combine Files using Power Query

First of all, we need to combine all the files into one file with power query.

  • Go to Data Tab -> Get Transformation -> New Query -> From File -> From Folder.
  • Now, from the folder selection window, click on “Browse” and select the folder where you have all the files.
  • Click OK.
  • From here, you’ll get a “Combine Files” window.
  • And from that window, select the worksheet in with you data in all the workbooks. (Quick Tip: Make sure to have the same worksheet name in all the workbooks).
  • Once you click OK and it will edit all the data from the workbooks into power query editor.

Step 2 - Prepare Data for the Pivot Table

Now, we need to make little changes in our data to make it ready for a pivot table.

  • If you look at the data we have got an extra column here with the name of the source file.
  • Right click on this column and select Split Column -> By Delimiter.
  • From delimiter window, select custom, add “-” as a delimiter, and select “Left-most delimiter”.
  • Click OK.
  • After that, delete the second column.
Power query multiple files
  • Now, rename the first column.
  • One more thing, right-click on the first column again and go to Transform -> Capitalize Each Word.
  • And, now your data is ready. So, click on close and load.

Step 3 - Insert the Pivot Table

At this point, we have a new worksheet in our workbook with the combine data from all the four files.

Now, it’s time to create a pivot table from it.

Combine Multiple Excel Files Into One Power Query Online

  • Select the table and go to Insert Tab and click on the Pivot Table button.
  • Here you’ll get an insert pivot table window.

Power Query Multiple Files

  • Click OK on insert pivot table window and you’ll get new pivot table in your workbook.

Combine Multiple Excel Files Into One Power Query File

Refresh Pivot Table

I’m sure you are thinking about how to refresh your pivot table after updating source files.

It’s simple.

To refresh your pivot table you need to update the query so that the data from the source file can be updated in the source table which you created with power query. And after that, you can update your pivot table.

Excel Power Query Merge Data

But, the simple and best way is to use refresh button from the data tab. It will refersh both (Pivot Table + Query).

Important Points

Here I have listed some points which you need to remember while using power query for a pivot table.

  • Files should be in a single folder.
  • Data should be in the same format in all the files. Otherwise, you need to make it usable after combining from it.
  • Name of the worksheets should be same in all the files.
  • Make sure you don’t have any error in any file. Or you can use “Skip error files” option.
  • Don’t rename any workbook.

Combine Multiple Excel Files Into One Power Query Pdf

Theo Puneet Excel Champ (